Office Of Justice Programs Technical Assistance And Training Program
Audit Report No. 04-40
Office of the Inspector General
BUREAU OF JUSTICE ASSISTANCE (BJA)
Public Safety Officers' Benefits Program. The purpose of this program is to provide a death benefit to: (1) eligible survivors of federal, state or local public safety officers whose death is the direct and proximate result of a personal (traumatic) injury sustained in the line of duty, and (2) public safety officers who have been permanently and totally disabled as the direct result of a catastrophic personal injury sustained in the line of duty.
Emergency Federal Law Enforcement Assistance. The purpose of this program is to provide necessary assistance to a state government in order to allow for an adequate response to an uncommon situation which requires law enforcement, which is or threatens to become of serious or epidemic proportions, and with respect to which state and local resources are inadequate to protect the lives and property of citizens, or to enforce the criminal law.
Federal Surplus Property Transfer Program. The purpose of this program is to transfer or convey to state and local governments and territories, at no cost, surplus real and related personal property determined by the Attorney General to be required for correctional facility or law enforcement use for programs or projects for the care or rehabilitation of criminal offenders, as approved by the Attorney General.
Byrne Formula Grant Program. The purpose of this program is to reduce and prevent illegal drug activity, crime, and violence and to improve the functioning of the criminal justice system.
Edward Byrne Memorial State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance Discretionary Grants Program (Discretionary Drug and Criminal Justice Assistance Program). The purpose of this program is to provide leadership and direction in controlling the use and availability of illegal drugs and to improve the functioning of the criminal justice system, with emphasis on violent crime and serious offenders.
Local Law Enforcement Block Grants Program. The purpose of this program is to provide funds to units of local government for the purposes of reducing crime and improving public safety. Funds may be used for one or more of seven program purpose areas. Funds or a portion thereof may also be used to contract with private, non-profit entities or community-based organizations to carry out the purposes of this Block Grants Program. BJA will also make awards to states based on the allocation formula specified in the applicable legislation.
Motor Vehicle Theft Protection Act Program (Watch Your Car). The purpose of this program is to develop, in cooperation with the states, a national voluntary motor vehicle theft prevention program. The national "Watch Your Car" program is designed as a cooperative initiative between the states, local governments, and the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance. It allows owners of motor vehicles to voluntarily display a decal or device on their vehicles to alert police that their vehicle is not normally driven between the hours of 1:00 a.m. and 5:00 a.m. Motorists may also choose to display another decal or device to signify their vehicle is not normally driven across or in the proximity of international land borders or ports.
State Identification Systems (SIS) Grant Program. The purpose of this program is to provide federal assistance to states to establish, develop, update, or upgrade: (1) computerized identification systems that are compatible and integrated with the database of the FBIís National Crime Information Center (NCIC); (2) the capability to analyze DNA in a forensic laboratory in ways that are compatible with the FBIís combined DNA Identification Systems (CODIS); and (3) automated fingerprint identification systems that are compatible and integrated with the FBIís Integrated Automation Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS).
State Criminal Alien Assistance Program (SCAAP). The purpose of this program is to provide federal assistance to states and units of local government incurring costs of incarcerating illegal aliens convicted of one felony or two misdemeanor offenses and to expedite the transfer of custody for certain deportable aliens.
The Bulletproof Vest Partnership Program. The purpose of this program is to protect the lives of law enforcement officers by helping state, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies provide officers with armored vests.
Tribal Court Assistance Program. The purpose of this program is to assist tribal governments in the development, enhancement, and continuing operation of tribal judicial systems, including inter-tribal court systems.
Planning, Implementing, and Enhancing Strategies in Community Prosecution. The purpose of this program is to emphasize the participation of community leaders and residents in developing strategies for public safety with prosecutors and other community justice system officials. The program serves as a mechanism for community participation that allows communities to identify local priorities and engage in problem solving and strategic planning, as well as regular communication between the prosecutor's office and community residents. In addition, the program helps develop a proactive orientation to crime control, emphasizing prevention and enforcement.
Regional Information Sharing Systems Grants (RISS). The purpose of this program is to enhance the ability of the state and local criminal justice agencies to identify, target, and remove criminal conspiracies and activities that span jurisdictional boundaries. The first objective of the RISS is to encourage and facilitate the rapid exchange and sharing of information among federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies pertaining to known or suspected criminals or criminal activity. The second objective is to enhance coordination and communication among agencies that are in pursuit of criminal conspiracies determined to be inter-jurisdictional in nature. In addition, the RISS Program may provide technical and financial resources, such as specialized equipment, training, and investigative funds, to augment existing multi-jurisdictional enforcement resources and operations.
Closed-Circuit Televising of Child Victims of Abuse (CCTV). The purpose of this program is to provide equipment and personnel training for the closed-circuit televising and videotaping of the testimony of children in criminal proceedings for the violation of laws relating to the abuse of children.
National White Collar Crime Center (NWCCC). The purpose of this program is to provide a nationwide support system for the prevention, investigation, and prosecution of economic crime. The NWCCC links criminal justice agencies across jurisdictional borders and bridges the gap between local and state criminal justice agency economic crime-fighting capabilities and the minimum threshold for federal investigation and intervention. The NWCCC provides support for the prevention, investigation, and prosecution of economic crime through a combination of research, training, and investigative support services. The NWCCC also hosts the National Cyber crime Training partnership, which provides training to state and local law enforcement and prosecutorial agencies in how to respond successfully to computer-related crime.
Scams Targeting the Elderly. The purpose of this program is to reduce the incidence of fraud and abuse against the elderly through Technical Assistance and Training programs, demonstration sites, public awareness initiatives, and reporting of fraud to the National Fraud Information Center.
State and Local Anti-Terrorism Training (SLATT). The purpose of this program is to provide delivery of specialized, multiagency anti-terrorism preparedness training. This training, along with related research, law enforcement intelligence, operational issues development, and technical assistance support activities, is delivered to state and local law enforcement and prosecution authorities. While state and local law enforcement preparation and readiness issues addressed in this project are tailored to interventions in domestic terrorism, major portions of the program's preparedness and operational readiness outcomes are equally applicable to any terrorist threat or incident, whether domestically or internationally inspired.
Public Safety Officers' Educational Assistance (PSOEA). The purpose of this program is to provide financial assistance for higher education to the spouses and children of public safety officers killed in the line of duty or who received permanent and totally disabling injuries that occurred on or after October 1, 1997.
BJA - DRUG COURTS PROGRAM OFFICE (DCPO)39
Drug Court Discretionary Grant Program (Drug Court Program). The purpose of this program is to support the establishment and development of drug courts, including those that give special attention to alcohol and drug problems, for example, driving under the influence or driving while intoxicated.
BJA - Corrections Program Office (CPO)
Violent Offender Incarceration and Truth in Sentencing Incentive Grants (Prison Grants). The purpose of this program is to provide funds to individual states and to states organized as regional compacts to build or expand: (1) correctional facilities to increase the bed capacity for the confinement of violent offenders; (2) temporary or permanent correctional facilities including facilities on military bases, prison barges and boot camps for the confinement of non-violent offenders for the purpose of freeing prison space for violent offenders; and (3) jails.
Residential Substance Abuse Treatment for State Prisoners (RSAT). The purpose of this program is to assist states and units of local government in developing and implementing residential substance abuse treatment programs within state and local correctional facilities in which prisoners are incarcerated for a period of time sufficient to permit substance abuse treatment.
Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Tuberculosis in Correctional Institutions. The purpose of this program is to assist states, units of local government, and Indian tribal authorities in establishing and operating programs for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up care of tuberculosis among inmates of correctional institutions.
Correctional Grant Program for Indian Tribes. The purpose of this program is to assist Indian tribes with the construction of jails on tribal lands for the incarceration of offenders subject to tribal jurisdiction.
OFFICE OF JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY PREVENTION (OJJDP)
Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grants Program (JAIBG). The purpose of this program is to: (1) provide funds to develop programs to promote greater accountability in the juvenile justice system, (2) survey the field and identify projects that would benefit from research, demonstration, and evaluation in the 12 purpose areas identified in the JAIBG Program, and (3) provide Technical Assistance and Training to states and units of local government so they may develop programs outlined in the 12 program areas to promote greater accountability in the juvenile justice system.
Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention - Allocation to States. The purpose of this program is to increase the capacity of state and local governments to support the development of more effective education, training, research, prevention, diversion, treatment, accountability-based sanctions, and rehabilitation programs in the area of juvenile delinquency and programs to improve the juvenile justice system.
Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention - Special Emphasis (Program Grants and Discretionary Grants). The purpose of this program is to develop and implement programs that design, test, and demonstrate effective approaches, techniques and methods for preventing and controlling juvenile delinquency, such as: community-based alternatives to institutional confinement; developing and implementing effective means of diverting juveniles from the traditional juvenile justice system; programs stressing advocacy activities aimed at improving services to youth impacted by the juvenile justice system; model programs to strengthen and maintain the family unit including self-help programs; prevention and treatment programs relating to juveniles who commit serious crimes; programs to prevent hate crimes; programs to provide aftercare and reintegration services; and programs to prevent youth gun and gang violence.
National Institute for Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. The purpose of this program is to encourage, coordinate, and conduct research and evaluation of juvenile justice and delinquency prevention activities; to provide for public and private agencies, institutions, justice system agencies, a clearinghouse and information center for collecting, disseminating, publishing, and distributing information on juvenile delinquency; to conduct national training programs of juvenile related issues, and provide technical assistance and training to federal, state, and local governments, courts, corrections, law enforcement, probation, public and private agencies, institutions, and individuals, in the planning, establishment, funding, operation, or evaluation of juvenile delinquency programs.
Missing Children's Assistance. The purpose of this program is to: (1) coordinate and support federal activities concerning research, training, technical assistance, and demonstration programs to enhance the overall response to missing and exploited children and their families; and (2) establish and maintain a national resource center and clearinghouse dedicated to issues concerning missing and exploited children; (3) conduct national incidence studies to determine the type and extent of missing children in America; (4) support law enforcement demonstration programs (for example, the Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Program) to enhance the investigative response to cases concerning missing and exploited children; (5) support research to broaden understanding of a wide range of issues concerning missing and exploited children (for example, abduction homicide investigation solvability factors), and to inform Technical Assistance and Training efforts and identify promising practices and programs for replication; (6) develop training programs for law enforcement, child protective services, medical personnel, and prosecutors to enhance coordination and effectiveness of investigations concerning missing and exploited children, and to enhance the overall system response; (7) identify service gaps and develop programs to meet specialized needs of parents or guardians of children who are reported missing; (8) provide a national central registry and toll-free hotline service to assist community organizations and law enforcement personnel to identify and return adults suffering from Alzheimerís disease who have wandered from home; and (9) provide training, technical assistance, and publications to enhance community-wide responses to wandering incidents by memory-impaired adults.
Gang-Free Schools and Communities Ė Community-Based Gang Intervention. The purpose of this program is to: (1) prevent and to reduce the participation of juveniles in the activities of gangs who commit crimes; (2) develop within the juvenile adjudicator and correctional systems new and innovative means to address the problems of juveniles convicted of serious drug-related and gang-related offenses; (3) provide treatment to juveniles who are members of such gangs, including those members who are accused of committing a serious crime and who have been adjudicated as being delinquent; (4) promote the involvement of juveniles in lawful activities in geographical areas in which gangs commit crimes; (5) promote and support, with the cooperation of community-based organizations experienced in providing services to juveniles engaged in gang-related activities and cooperation of local law enforcement agencies, the development of policies and activities in public elementary and secondary schools which will assist such schools in maintaining a safe environment conducive to learning; (6) assist juveniles who are, or may become, members of gangs to obtain appropriate educational instruction, in or outside a regular school program, including the provision of counseling and other services to promote and support the continued participation of such juveniles in such instructional programs; (7) expand the availability of prevention and treatment services relating to the illegal use of controlled substances and controlled substances analogues by juveniles, provided through state and local health and social services agencies; (8) provide services to prevent juveniles from coming into contact with the juvenile justice system again as a result of gang-related activity; (9) provide services at a special location in a school or housing project; and (10) facilitate coordination and cooperation among local education, juvenile justice, employment, and social service agencies; and community-based programs with a proven record of effectively providing intervention services to juvenile gang members for the purpose of reducing their participation in illegal gang activities.
Victims of Child Abuse. The purpose of this program is to: (1) develop model technical assistance and training programs to improve the courts' handling of child abuse and neglect cases; (2) facilitate the adoption of laws to protect children against the potential second assault of the courtroom proceeding; (3) address the present situation in which many states have adopted innovative procedures that have far outpaced federal law, leaving those children who do enter the federal system inadequately protected; (4) address the inconsistency and disparity among state laws on child abuse; (5) train criminal justice system personnel on up-to-date, innovative techniques for investigating and prosecuting child abuse cases; (6) promote a multidisciplinary approach to coordinating the investigations and prosecution of child abuse cases and, thereby, limiting the number of pre-trial interviews a child must go through as well as better assure the accuracy of each interview; and (7) increase the number of communities making use of a Children's Advocacy Center approach to the investigation, prosecution and treatment of child abuse cases.
Title V Delinquency Prevention Program. The purpose of this program is to increase the capacity of state and local governments to support the development of more effective prevention programs to improve the juvenile justice system through risk and protective factor-focused programming approach.
Part E State Challenge Activities (Challenge Grants). The purpose of this program is to provide incentives for states participating in the Formula Grants Program to develop, adopt, and approve policies and programs in one or more of 10 specified challenge activities to improve the state's juvenile justice system.
Juvenile Mentoring Program (JUMP). The purpose of this program is to reduce juvenile delinquency and gang participation, improve academic performance, and reduce the dropout rate through the use of mentors for at-risk youth.
Enforcing Underage Drinking Laws Program. The purpose of this program is to support and enhance efforts by states, in cooperation with local jurisdictions, to enforce underage drinking by prohibiting the sale or consumption of alcoholic beverages by minors.
Drug Prevention Program. The purpose of this program is to reduce drug use by encouraging the promotion of multiple approaches including replicating the Life Skills Training (drug prevention) program, and educating and motivating adolescents to pursue healthy lifestyles and fostering interpersonal and decision-making skills, which will help them choose alternatives to high risk behaviors.
Drug-Free Communities Support Program Grants. The purpose of this program is to: (1) increase the capacity of community coalitions to reduce substance abuse among youth, and over time, to reduce substance abuse among adults through strengthening collaboration among communities, and public and private entities; and (2) disseminate state-of-the-art information on practices and initiatives that have proven to be effective in reducing substance abuse among youth.
Reduction and Prevention of Children's Exposure to Violence (Safe Start). The purpose of this program is to develop a demonstration initiative to prevent and reduce the impact of family and community violence on young children (primarily from birth to six years of age) by helping communities to expand existing partnerships between service providers (such as law enforcement, mental health, health, early childhood education and others) to create a comprehensive service delivery system.
Tribal Youth Program. The purpose of this program is to support and enhance tribal efforts for comprehensive delinquency prevention, control, and juvenile justice system improvement for Native American youth.
National Evaluation of the Safe Schools - Healthy Student Initiative. The purpose of this program is to conduct an evaluation of the Safe Schools/Healthy Students Initiative.
BUREAU OF JUSTICE STATISTICS (BJS)
State Justice Statistics Program for Statistical Analysis Centers (SACs). The purpose of this program is to provide financial and technical assistance to state governments for the establishment and operation of Statistical Analysis Centers (SACs) to collect, analyze, and disseminate justice statistics.
National Criminal History Improvement Program (NCHIP). The purpose of this program is to: (1) enhance the quality and completeness of the nation's criminal history record systems; (2) provide financial and technical assistance to states for the establishment or improvement of computerized criminal history record systems, and in their efforts to collect data on stalking and domestic violence; (3) improve data accessibility and support data transmissions to the national system, which will permit the immediate identification of persons who are prohibited from purchasing firearms, are subject to domestic violence protective orders, or are ineligible to hold positions of responsibility involving children, the elderly, or the disabled; (4) support the development of accurate and complete state sex offender identification and registration systems which interface with the FBI's Sex Offender Registry and meet applicable federal and state requirements; (5) develop and improve the processes for identifying, classifying, collecting, and entering data regarding stalking and domestic violence into local, state, and national crime information databases; and (6) ensure that criminal justice systems are designed, implemented or upgraded to be compliant, where applicable, with the FBI-operated National Instant Criminal Background Check System, and the Interstate Automated Fingerprint Identification System; meet other applicable statewide or regional criminal justice information sharing standards and plans; and build upon ongoing efforts to support the wide range of technology-based, criminal justice information, identification, and communications needs identified by the states.
National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS). The purpose of this program is to allow state and local jurisdictions to capture detailed offense, offender, victim, property, and arrest information. NIBRS moves beyond aggregate statistics and raw counts of crimes and arrests that comprise the summary Uniform Crime Reports program to individual records for each reported crime incident and its associated arrest.
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF JUSTICE (NIJ)
Justice Research, Evaluation, and Development Project Grants. The purpose of this program is to encourage and support research, development, and evaluation in order to further understanding of the causes and correlates of crime and violence, the methods of crime prevention and control, and the criminal justice system responses to crime and violence, and to contribute to the improvement of the criminal justice system and its responses to crime, violence, and delinquency.
National Institute of Justice Visiting Fellowships. The purpose of this program is to provide opportunities for experienced criminal justice practitioners and researchers to pursue projects aimed at improved understanding of crime, delinquency, and criminal justice administration by sponsoring research projects of their own creation and design.
Criminal Justice Research and Development - Graduate Research Fellowship Program. The purpose of this program is to improve the quality and quantity of knowledge about crime and the criminal justice system, while, at the same time, to help increase the number of persons who are qualified to teach in collegiate criminal justice programs, conduct research related to criminal justice issues, and perform more effectively within the criminal justice system.
Corrections and Law Enforcement Family Support. The purpose of this program is to: (1) research the effects of stress on law enforcement and correctional personnel and their families and disseminate the findings; (2) identify and evaluate model programs that provide support services to law enforcement correctional personnel and their families; (3) provide technical assistance and training programs to develop stress reduction and family support programs to state and local law enforcement and correctional agencies; (4) collect and disseminate information regarding family support, stress reduction, and psychological services to state and local law enforcement and correctional organizations and other interested parties; and (5) determine issues to be researched by the Department of Justice and grant recipients.
Crime Laboratory Improvement-Combined Offender DNA Index System Backlog Reduction. The purpose of this program is to increase the capabilities and capacity of state and local crime laboratories in the United States to conduct state-of- the-art forensic evidence testing and to reduce the backlog of convicted offender DNA samples.
National Institute of Justice Domestic Anti-Terrorism Technology Development Program. The purpose of this program is to support the development of counter-terrorism technologies, assist in the development of standards for those technologies, and work with state and local jurisdictions to identify particular areas of vulnerability to terrorist acts, and to be better prepared to respond if such acts occur.
OFFICE FOR VICTIMS OF CRIME (OVC)
Crime Victim Assistance. The purpose of this program is to provide compensation and assistance to: (1) residents, who while outside of the U.S. become a victim of a terrorist act or mass violence; (2) eligible state programs to provide emergency relief, including crisis response efforts, training, and technical assistance for the benefit of victims of terrorist acts or mass violence occurring within the United States; and (3) U.S. Attorney's Offices for use in coordination with state victim-compensation and assistance efforts in providing emergency relief.
Crime Victim Compensation. The purpose of this program is to provide funds to states for awards of compensation benefits to crime victims.
Crime Victim Assistance/Discretionary Grants. The purpose of this program is to provide funds for: (1) demonstration projects and technical assistance and training services to eligible crime-victims assistance programs; (2) financial support of services to victims of federal crime by eligible crime-victim assistance programs; and (3) other support following cases of terrorism or mass violence.
Children's Justice Act Discretionary Grants for Native Americans (Children's Justice Act Partnership for Native American Indian Tribes). The purpose of this program is to assist tribes in developing, establishing, and operating programs designed to improve the handling of child abuse cases, particularly cases of child sexual abuse, in a manner which limits additional trauma to the child and improves the investigation and prosecution of cases of child abuse.
OFFICE OF THE POLICE CORPS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT EDUCATION (OPCLEE)
Police Corps and Law Enforcement Officers Training and Education. The purpose of this program is to address violent crime by increasing the number of police with advanced education assigned to community patrol in areas of great need, and to provide educational assistance to students who possess a sincere interest in public service through law enforcement and to law enforcement personnel. This program also offers no-obligation college scholarships to children of law enforcement officers killed in the line of duty.
Multi-jurisdictional Initiatives, Task Forces, and Complex Financial Investigations. These categories include a variety of grant programs.
Research, Evaluation, Information Systems, and Technology. These categories also include a variety of grant programs.
COMMUNITY CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT OFFICE (CCDO)
CCDO - Weed and Seed Program.40 The purpose of this program is to implement nationwide a comprehensive, multi-disciplinary approach to combating violent crime, drug use, and gang activity in high crime neighborhoods. The goal is to "weed out" violence and drug activity in such neighborhoods, and then to "seed" the sites with a wide range of crime and drug prevention programs, human service resources, and neighborhood restoration activities to prevent crime from recurring. The strategy emphasizes the importance of a coordinated approach, bringing together federal, state and local government, the community, and the private sector to form a partnership to create a safe, drug-free environment.