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Review of the Office of International Affairs' Role
in the International Extradition of Fugitives

Report Number I-2002-008
March 2002



Roles of Other U.S. Government Agencies in the Extradition Process
U.S. Attorneys' officesU.S. Marshals Service

  • In incoming extraditions, obtain federal arrest warrants for fugitives

  • Represent the U.S. government in federal extradition hearings for incoming extradition requests

  • Oversee incoming extradition cases in their federal districts

  • Prepare outgoing extradition documents for OIA review

  • Provide responses, such as supporting evidence, in outgoing extradition requests

  • Prosecute those international fugitives successfully extradited to the United States who are charged with federal crimes

  • In incoming extradition cases, verifies locations of and apprehends fugitives

  • Transfers custody of fugitives to foreign authorities upon finding of extraditability

  • In outgoing extradition cases, accepts custody transfer of fugitives from foreign authorities. Accompanies fugitives to the United States for prosecution or incarceration
U.S. Department of StateU.S. National Central Bureau

  • Facilitates delivery of extradition documents to and from foreign governments

  • Authenticates extradition documents and certifies that they contain all required documents

  • Provides updates to OIA on the status of outgoing extradition requests

  • The Office of the Legal Advisor's Law Enforcement and Intelligence is the principal point of contact for extraditions

  • Serves as U.S. representative to INTERPOL

  • Forwards information obtained through U.S. and international sources on the whereabouts of fugitives to OIA

  • Reviews Red Notice fugitive lookouts for U.S. prosecutors and forwards them to INTERPOL headquarters in France

  • Notifies OIA when fugitives from the United States have been apprehended based on Red Notices so that OIA can commence the extradition process

Source: OIA, Department of State, USNCB, U.S. Marshals Policy Directive, U.S. Attorneys' Manual, and INTERPOL Internet site