Drug Enforcement Administration Hazardous Waste Cleanup and Disposal
Office of the Inspector General
We have completed an audit of the Drug Enforcement Administration's (DEA) use of the Assets Forfeiture Fund (AFF) 1 to pay for clandestine drug laboratory (clan lab) cleanups. The audit was performed at the request of the Justice Management Division's Asset Forfeiture Management Staff (AFMS). The AFF can be used to pay for the costs of seizure, management, and disposal of seized and forfeited assets. Annually, DEA is allocated a sum of AFF monies for the removal and disposal of contaminated clan lab materials (considered hazardous waste) seized for forfeiture. Throughout the year, DEA requests reimbursement from the AFF up to the allocated amount for cleanup costs incurred.
Our audit focused on the cleanup and disposal of clan lab hazardous waste that occurred between October 1, 1996 and March 31, 1998. There were 1392 clan lab cleanups during FY 1997 and 772 cleanups during the first six months of FY 1998. As of May 1999, DEA had requested reimbursement of $6.8 million for the FY 1997 cleanups and $4.0 million for all of the FY 1998 cleanups. Because of concerns about DEA's AFF usage, AFMS froze reimbursements towards the end of FY 1997. The amounts frozen include $2.8 million in FY 1997, $4.0 million in FY 1998, and $103,000 in FY 1999.
The cleanup program is administered by the Hazardous Waste Disposal Unit (the Unit) of DEA's Office of Forensic Sciences, located in Arlington, VA. The Unit maintains control over the obligation of funds for clan lab cleanups and prepares and administers the contracts under which private companies perform the cleanup work. The DEA's field offices initiate the cleanup process by determining the need for a clan lab cleanup, obtaining authorization from the Unit to pay for a cleanup, and notifying the contractors. The field offices are also responsible for reporting seized assets in DOJ's computerized Consolidated Asset Tracking System (CATS). The DEA's Asset Forfeiture Section, located in Arlington, is responsible for assuring that seized clan lab assets are forfeited. These assets are generally summarily forfeited, which means they can be seized and destroyed without prior notice to affected parties. However, DEA does have to provide "after-the-fact" notice and documentation that the asset was forfeited.
Our audit assessed whether: (1) DEA's reimbursement requests were actually for hazardous waste cleanup and disposal costs, and (2) the requests were for cleanups of assets that were seized for forfeiture as required. We also tested to determine if DEA was the seizing entity and if DEA was actively involved in the case leading to the cleanup, i.e., whether the cleanup cost was properly a DEA obligation chargeable to the AFF. Finally, we reviewed certain contract management and fiscal controls, as well as the costs associated with specific cleanups identified by AFMS.
We examined a total of 279 cleanups that occurred between October 1, 1996 and March 31, 1998. These cleanups consisted of three samples: (1) a stratified random sample of 213 FY 1997 cleanups obligated at under $20,000; (2) a census sample of all 23 FY 1997 cleanups obligated at over $20,000; and (3) a judgmental sample of 43 FY 1998 cleanups. The total cost of the cleanups we reviewed was about $1.7 million. Based on our examination, we found the following conditions.
The details of our work are contained in the Findings and Recommendations section of the report. The Objectives, Scope, and Methodology can be found in Appendix III.